Emergency Management Resource Guide


Phases of Emergency Mgmt
  Planning Partners
  Mitigation Checklist
  Preparedness Checklist
  Response Checklist
  Recovery Checklist
Incident Command
  Levels of Emergencies
  Impact Large Disasters
  Legal Responsibilities
  Introduction to ICS
  Incident Com Schools
  Emerg. M Response Team
  Practicing the Plan



Mitigation and Prevention

Mitigation and Prevention activities are the corner stone of creating effective "Emergency Response" plans for the school district, individual schools and the community. While schools and communities will have little control over some hazards that could impact them, (plane crash, industrial accident, weather related events, etc.) there are actions that can be taken to reduce the impact of such events. Other events such as bomb threats, fights, intruders, and vandalism are more likely to occur and actions can be taken to minimize the likelihood of their occurrence. The first rule of thumb in this process is to not work alone. In order to effectively develop a viable plan of action you will need the input from a variety of individuals (local emergency response agencies, local/regional emergency management personnel, hospital/medical staff, mental health and local government representatives).

Letís take a closer look at each of these elements:

Mitigation is the action schools and districts take to eliminate or reduce the loss of life and property damage related to an event that cannot be prevented.

Mitigation refers to actions taken to reduce the adverse effect of an emergency. Mitigation measures can be implemented before, during or recovering from an emergency. Following a school safety assessment conducted in the "mitigation and prevention" phase, measures can be taken to eliminate or minimize the hazards that have been identified. The main thing to remember is that mitigation activities refer to any sustained action implemented to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to life and property related to events that cannot be prevented. Mitigating emergencies is also important from a legal standpoint. If a school, district, or state does not take all necessary actions in good faith to create safe schools, it could be vulnerable to a negligence law suit.

Prevention is the action schools and districts take to decrease the likelihood that an event or crisis will occur.

Prevention can best be described as a set of pro-active strategies that will enhance the safe and orderly learning environment at the district and school building levels.

Some examples of these pro-active steps for mitigation/prevention would be:

  • Conduct a Safe School Assessment

  • Review discipline referral data for trends

  • Conduct regular safety checks (building and grounds walk through)

  • Communication protocols for staff, students, caregivers and the community at large

  • Food preparation protocols

  • Pandemic Flu preparations

  • Limited access policies

  • Anti-bullying, anti-violence programs

  • Pro-social skills curriculum

  • Wellness activities

  • Bolting bookshelves to the wall

  • Fencing hazardous areas

  • Applying Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles to school grounds and structures

  • Student supervision protocols (consistency by all staff)

  • Discipline protocols (understanding and consistency by all staff)

  • Mail handling

  • Building access control measures

  • Student accounting

  • Wellness activities (such as drug/alcohol prevention, mental health services, etc.)

  • When an agreed upon list of issues has been established, strategies and corresponding activities can be implemented. Anti-bullying programs, drug and alcohol prevention programming, school wide discipline programming, and required staff supervision schedules are strategies that can be implemented to assist in the Prevention phase of the plan. Only those strategies that have been validated or proven to be effective should be utilized.

    Emergency Management Resource Guide
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