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Drug Abuse/Substance Abuse

"Drug abuse starts early and peaks during the teen years. This increased risk is partly due to adolescents' heightened sensitivity to social influences (friends) and their still developing brain, particularly areas critical to judgment and impulse control". DEA

The websites below cover alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, meth, painkillers, prescription drugs and more...

Right-Murray Elementary celebrates school safety and Red Ribbon Week.

Opioid Abuse in Kentucky

Stopping Drug Use Before It Starts – Renee Shaw and her guests explore the issue of substance use prevention among adolescents. The program looks at the importance of messaging, positive youth development, mental health screening, community coalitions, parent education and more. Part of KET's ongoing Inside Opioid Addiction initiative.

Prescription Opioids Tripled Between 1999 and 2015, CDC Says – Although the rate of prescribing opioids in the U.S. fell from 2010 to 2015, new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that doctors in 2015 still prescribed

Opioids – Get the facts on the misuse and abuse of prescription opioids such as hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine, and codeine, and the illegal opioid, heroin. Opioids are a class of drugs chemically similar to alkaloids found in opium poppies. Historically they have been used as painkillers, but they also have great potential for misuse. Repeated use of opioids greatly increases the risk of developing an opioid use disorder. The use of illegal opiate drugs such as heroin and the misuse of legally available pain relievers such as oxycodone and hydrocodone can have serious negative health effects. According to the CDC, 44 people die every day in the United States from overdose of prescription painkillers.
more... https://www.samhsa.gov/atod/opioids

Opioids....Brief Description – Opioids are a class of drugs that include the illegal drug heroin , synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers available legally by prescription, such as oxycodone (OxyContin®), hydrocodone (Vicodin®), codeine, morphine, and many others. These drugs are chemically related and interact with opioid receptors on nerve cells in the body and brain. Opioid pain relievers are generally safe when taken for a short time and as prescribed by a doctor, but because they produce euphoria in addition to pain relief, they can be misused (taken in a different way or in a larger quantity than prescribed, or taken without a doctor’s prescription). Regular use—even as prescribed by a doctor—can lead to dependence and, when misused, opioid pain relievers can lead to overdose incidents and deaths. An opioid overdose can be reversed with the drug naloxone when given right away. More...

What is prescription opioid misuse? – Prescription opioids are medications that are chemically similar to endorphins – opioids that our body makes naturally to relieve pain – and also similar to the illegal drug heroin. In nature, opioids are found in the seed pod of the opium poppy plant. Opioid medications can be natural (made from the plant), semi-synthetic (modified in a lab from the plant), and fully synthetic (completely made by people). More...  

Videos

Substance Abuse Resources


Parents & Teachers - Get educational resources and find the latest science-based information about the health effects and consequences of drug abuse and addiction and resources for talking with kids about the impact of drug use on health.  National Institute of Drug Abuse Students & Young Adults - Get the inside information on how different drugs can affect the brain and the body and what you can do to get involved. For more resources, see the NIDA for Teens Web site.

Anabolic Steroids—Buying "bulk" is never a good deal when it comes to these substances, which can cause guys to grow breasts and girl s to grow beards along with more life-threatening effects.
Brain and Addiction—Discover what's in your head and how drugs of abuse cause changes in the brain.
Ecstasy (MDMA)—This club drug can cause confusion, depression, sleep problems, intense fear and anxiety that can last for days or weeks (in regular drug users) after taking it.
HIV, AIDS, and Drug Abuse—Behaviors associated with drug abuse now are one of the largest factors in the spread of HIV infection in the United States.
Inhalants—Chemicals in common household products can get you "high", but often at a high cost to your health.
Marijuana—Think everyone does it? And a bunch of leaves must be harmless, right? Check the facts.
Nicotine—It only takes eight seconds to reach the brain and start making changes.
Stimulants—This class of drugs can elevate mood and increase energy, but the are highly addictive.
Other Drugs—Looking for information on other drugs not listed here? NIDA has lots of other resources available on many common drugs of abuse that you can check out by visiting http://www.drugabuse.gov/drugpages.

(National Institute on Drug Abuse, supported by National Institutes of Health)
  • Adrenal Steroids — Colorado State University hosts this page on naturally occurring steroids and their synthesis in the human body.
  • Anabolic Steroids and Training — Subjects covered on this page include the chemical structure and function of steroids.
  • Androstenedione — Androstenedione is a hormone recently banned by the FDA, although many athletes used it beforehand.
  • Animal Steroid Hormone Implants — This FDA resource has information on hormone steroid implants given to animals in food production.
  • Consumer Concerns about Hormones in Food — Cornell University is the source of this overview of steroids and other hormones in the food supply.
  • DEA - Steroids (anabolic)  — DEA / Drug Fact Sheets - Department of Justice
  • Drugs and Chemicals of Concern: Anabolic Steroids — The U.S. Department of Justice Office of Diversion Control has a lot of good information about steroids and legal facts on this site.
  • Introduction to Steroids — The chemical makeup of steroids is the focus of this helpful resource.
  • Kids Health: Steroids — Although this page is geared toward kids, it has excellent information for everyone on steroids, steroid abuse, and what can be done to combat the illegal use of anabolic steroids.
  • NIDA Infofacts: Steroids — The National Institute on Drug Abuse has this helpful page on steroids and their abuse.
  • Steroid-Induced Osteoporosis — Information on a devastating disease that is the side effect of steroid use is located on the other side of this link.
  • Steroids Drug Guide — DrugFree.org hosts this information on steroids as part of its series on commonly abused drugs.
  • Steroids, Sports, and the Ethics of Winning — Santa Clara University has this page on the ethical questions that center around the use of steroids in athletics.
  • Winning at Any Cost — Read about the use of steroids in athletics and their negative side effects on this resource from the New York State Department of Health.

(resources from wholesale central)

Drug Abuse Grants

Grant Funds Available: Department of Education: List of Currently Open Grant Competitions  - Application packages are available for grant competitions that are currently open. (Latest closing dates are at the top of the list)
Office of Safe and Drug Free Schools (U.S. Department of Education)

Drug Abuse Awareness

Children of Alcoholics: A Community Guide to Action:  “The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) urges Americans to get and share the facts about children in families with alcoholism. This guide offers ways to communicate these facts and shows how to turn them into positive actions on behalf of our young people. SAMHSA is proud to join the National Association for Children of Alcoholics during National Children of Alcoholics Awareness Week and throughout the year in efforts to break the generational cycle of alcohol problems in families.” This easy-to-use guide can help you raise public awareness about family alcoholism and its impact on children. These materials can be used throughout the year and can be adapted for family-related holidays and observances. Children of Alcoholics Week is observed every year during the week of February 14. Use these materials in your community to increase media coverage of how alcoholism affects families, especially children.

Drug Abuse Resources and Research

Kentucky Department of Education : Safe and Drug-Free Schools -  KDE collaborates with the Kentucky Center for School Safety to provide training ... resources and informational links regarding Safe and Drug Free Schools. ... current school safety statutes, which took effect on June 25, 2013.

Growing Up Drug Free - Department of Justice - A Parent's Guide to Prevention. 2012
This guide contains information on the substances children are exposed to and where they get them. It will explain the names (and “street names”) of common drugs, how they’re used, their effects, where children obtain them, and how to know if your child is using them. Which children are most at risk for using drugs and how you can offset some of those risk factors? The importance of providing what are called protective factors—at home, in school, and in the community.   (U. S. Department of Education)

Tips for Parents on Keeping Children Drug Free tells what your children should know about drugs by the time they reach the third grade, ways to help your child stay drug free in the middle and junior high school years, and how to... (Department of Education)

Drug Descriptions examines the Controlled Substances Act and provides information on narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, cannabis, steroids, clandestine laboratories, inhalants, drug... (Department of Justice)

Tobacco Information and Prevention Source provides educational materials that help to prevent tobacco use among youth, promote smoking cessation, and protect nonsmokers from environmental tobacco smoke. Visitors can order... (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of American works on behalf of over 5,000 community coalitions from across the country to realize its vision and provide resources against drug abuse in youth populations. (CADCA)  

Health Information: Nicotine Addiction - A report published on nicotine addiction has found that smoking cigarettes is just as addictive as doing drugs such as cocaine and heroin. Over the years it has been recognized that smoking and not being able to quit is due to the addiction to nicotine contained in cigarettes. It has been shown that nicotine has an effect on the brain similar to drugs like cocaine and heroin. Back in the 1980′s, it was confirmed by the US Surgeon General that any form of tobacco is addictive, and that addiction is caused by the nicotine.(Health Insurance)

Drug Abuse Prevention Weeks

 National Drug Facts Week - What is National Drug Facts Week? National Drug Facts Week (NDFW) is a health observance week for teens. The goal of NDFW is to shatter the myths about drugs and drug abuse. NDFW encourages community based events that give teens a physical or virtual space to ask questions about drugs and get factual answers from a scientific expert. NDFW is an initiative of the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), which supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. (National Institute of Drug Abuse)

RED RIBBON WEEK  - National Family Partnership is the sponsor of the National Red Ribbon Week Celebration observed in October each year. They help "citizens across the state come together to keep children, families and communities safe, healthy and drug-free, through parent training, networking and sponsoring the National Red Ribbon Campaign. It is an ideal way for people and communities to unite and take a visible stand against substance abuse. Show your personal commitment to a drug-free lifestyle through the symbol of the Red Ribbon…” (National Family Partnership)

Drug Abuse Surveys

Reports and Detailed Tables from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) - Nov 7, 2016 - Data, Outcomes, and Quality ... that present findings and data based on results of the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)